新航道-英語高能高分!
在線咨詢

點擊咨詢 新航道全國學校

  • 華北分校
  • 華東分校
  • 華中分校
  • 華南分校
  • 西北分校
  • 西南分校
  • 東北分校
  • 海外分校
我堅持,我成功!

SAT(美國高考)

SAT香港考試團起航夢想
當前位置:SAT > SAT寫作 > 正文
SAT寫作修辭分析
2020-02-14 14:19   作者:新航道   閱讀量:


眾所周知,英語中有大量的修辭現象,它們是作者獨具匠心的創造,它們寓意于文章的字里行間,顯示出作者的靈感和智慧。為了讓同學們更加清晰地識別分析和鑒賞英文文章中的修辭,大家不僅要熟悉每一種技巧和修辭,而且需要精準評價其作用。大家對于新SAT寫作的認識不再僅僅是語法(表示結構規則)和邏輯(思維的規律和形式),而且是閱讀分析和文本鑒賞能力。


首先,我們一起來看一看OG中對于 "stylistic and persuasive elements"的論述:

Your analysis of the author's use of stylistic and persuasive elements can follow a number of paths. You may point out instances in which the author uses such devices and evaluate their role or their effectiveness in convincing an audience to action. You may also or in addition analyze and evaluate the varying extent to which logic and emotion contribute to the persuasiveness of the text.


不難看出,我們對于文章的分析是按照兩個步驟來走的:

1. 識別+引用:point out instances in which the author uses such devices

2. 分析+評價的兩個維度:(基于說服的有效性)evaluate their role or their effectiveness in convincing an audience to action;(基于邏輯和情感)analyze and evaluate the varying extent to which logic and emotion contribute to the persuasiveness of the text.

第一步:識別與引用

讓我們從新SAT寫作考試范文 "Let There be Dark "中的這幾句話說起:

Bogard starts his article off by recounting a personal anecdote - a summer spent on a Minnesota lake where there was "wood so dark that his hands disappeared before his eyes."

Bogard's argument is also furthered by his use of allusion to art - Van Gogh's "Starry Night" - and modern history - Paris's reputation as "The city of light".

Finally, Bogard makes subtle yet efficient use of rhetorical questioning to persuade his audience that natural darkness preservation is essential. He asks the readers to consider "what the vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren?" in a way that brutally plays to each of our emotions.

這三句話選自新SAT寫作第一篇官方范文。分別來自范文第二段、第三段、和第四段的第一句。文章分析部分的分數會按照這三段寫的情況判分,再來看我們標記的三組重點詞,它們就是各句的重點,相當于整篇文章就是按照這三組詞去展開的。也就是說,識別這三種修辭是我們分析的前提。


第二步:分析與評價

在進行完識別和引用之后,下面我們重點挑選正文的最后一段來進行深入分析:

Finally, Bogard (作者)makes subtle yet efficient use of rhetorical questioning to persuade his audience that natural darkness preservation is essential. He asks the readers to consider "what the vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren?"(文本) in a way that brutally plays to each of our emotions. By asking this question, Bogard draws out heartfelt ponderance from his readers (讀者)about the affecting power of an untainted night sky. This rhetorical question tugs at the readers' heartstrings; while the reader may have seen an unobscured night skyline before, the possibility that their child or grandchild will never get the chance sways them to see as Bogard sees. This strategy is definitively an appeal to pathos, forcing the audience to directly face an emotionally-charged inquiry that will surely spur some kind of response. By doing this, Bogard develops his argument, adding gutthral power to the idea that the issue of maintaining natural darkness is relevant and multifaceted.


在這個分析修辭性問句的段落中,文學活動的三大要素"作者"、"文本"、"讀者"都有所兼顧。修辭性問句的使用者不是要得到答案,答案在設問之前已經由作者精心安排給出了。設問只是為了喚出作者期望得到的,有把握得到的讀者的回響,目的是使文章生動有力。讀者在文本中感知到了什么情感,作者寫文章的目的就是什么,文本的意義也就得以凸現。


這就是新SAT寫作的修辭分析部分,不妨問問自己,作者寫了什么?為什么這么寫?這么寫對全文對讀者有什么影響?說到實質上,新SAT的寫作是一種以邏輯為基礎的批判型閱讀和文本分析能力的結合,而新SAT讀寫一體化的教學,正是我們的特色與優勢。


希望同學們通過學習新SAT寫作,了解新SAT寫作中修辭的運用,強化自己文章的理解力、分析力以及形成作文的構思與修辭能力,



熱門專題
熱門文章

    定制屬于自己的學習方案

    您的姓名
    聯系方式
    所在城市
    • 北京市
    • 天津市
    • 上海市
    • 重慶市
    • 河北省
    • 河南省
    • 廣東省
    • 遼寧省
    • 湖南省
    • 四川省
    • 安徽省
    • 山東省
    • 江蘇省
    • 浙江省
    • 湖北省
    • 山西省
    • 陜西省
    • 福建省
    • 江西省
    • 廣西省
    • 甘肅省
    • 黑龍江省
    • 內蒙古
    • 吉林省
    • 新疆維吾爾
    • 貴州省
    • 云南省
    • 青海省
    • 西藏
    • 寧夏回族
    • 海南省
    立即預約
    戰略合作單位