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【GRE寫作】Issue 精選真題范文
2020-01-21 16:17   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

  GRE寫作 Issue 部分精選真題范文權威解析,歡迎每周鎖定。

  In the Issue task, there are six types of instructions.Four of them need to be interpreted in order for the test takers to be able to respond to the questions as required.

  (重點指令類型)依托題目詳解


person-playing-skateboard-3423896 (1)_看圖王.jpg

  「Question No. 8

  Nations should pass laws to preserve any remaining wilderness areas in their natural state, even if these areas could be developed for economic gain.

  Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position.

  解讀指令:必須通過討論“后果”來討論我們的同意與否。也就是說,如果我們的討論沒有從后果的角度展開,寫作是無效的。

  例如:如果我們不同意上班必須穿制服的理由是穿衣的選擇是憲法規定的個人自由(that would violate constitutional liberty of individuals),在這個指令的環境下,是無效理由,因為這個理由不是“后果”。

  【假設立場:不同意,演示思路如下】

  后果(一):

  If some of the remaining wilderness areas are preserved in their natural state, there may be disasters, such as forest fires, floods, and disorder of the local ecosystems. 即然討論“果”,條件(狀語從句)—結果的句型不可能不用到。

  后果(二):

  The loss of the chance to have economic gain may be colossal and regrettable, since not all of the remaining wilderness areas deserve to be preserved in their natural state. 即然討論“果”,原因(狀語從句)—結果的句型不可能不用到。

  「Question No. 17

  Governments should focus on solving the immediate problems of today rather than on trying to solve the anticipated problems of the future.

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.

  解讀指令:必須通過討論“情境”來討論我們的同意與否。也就是說,如果我們的討論沒有設置的具體的“情境”來展開,寫作是無效的。

  例如:如果我們同意上班必須穿制服的理由是“在直接面對客戶的工作中”,制服便于識別且給創造客戶的信任感,那么,我們的討論就是有效的。因為設置了情境“在直接面對客戶的工作中”。

  【假設立場:同意,演示思路如下】

  情境(一):

  Some of today’s problems need to be properly tackled; otherwise, they may deteriorate.

  情境(二):

  What if some of our anticipations are inaccurate?

  情境(三):

  There are cases that our anticipation may be for the distant future and thus too early.

  「Question No. 20

  Claim: The best way to understand the character of a society is to examine the character of the men and women that the society chooses as its heroes or its role models.

  Reason: Heroes and role models reveal a society's highest ideals.

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based.

  解讀指令:就指令本身而言,沒有特殊要求。但是,討論時必須(明確地 / 暗示性地)寫出claim和reason之間的聯系。

  【假設立場:不同意claim,同意reason,演示思路如下】

  Although a society’s heroes and role models reveal the society's highest ideals, they are not the best examples of the character of the society.

  論證reason的理由(之一):

  Exactly because those heroes and role models are a society’s high-achievers and must be the tip of the pyramid , the majority of the society are not like them or even are unable to be like them. 就已經在駁斥claim了。這就是在暗示性地說明了claim和reason的聯系。

  「Question No. 27

  The best way to teach — whether as an educator, employer, or parent — is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones.

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.

  解讀指令:必須討論我們的反方會因為什么而反對我們的立場。然后,通過駁斥反方立場來論證自己的立場。

  例如:如果我們“想購買一套高級的辦公設備”,我們必須意識到(在作文中寫出)反方可能的反對理由是“高級的設備很昂貴”,然后通過否定“昂貴”來論證我們的立場。比如,我們可以說一次性購買的成本也許是高的,但是一套耐用的設備可以用許多年,那么平均到每一年的成本就低了,以及使用過程中維護的成本是低的。

  【假設立場:不同意,演示思路如下】

  首先意識到我們的反方可能有這樣的擔心:The intervention may cause frustration or trigger one’s defensive mechanism. For example, the one may resist the intervention or even respond with rebellious behavior.轉折,駁斥(消除反方的擔心): However, it is only when the intervention is excess that those situations may happen. In other words, as long as the educator, employer or parent intervenes to a moderate degree, the frustration or defense are unlikely to happen.更多出國留學考試干貨敬請關注新航道官網


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