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4月6日雅思大作文真題參考范文
2019-04-08 17:35   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

  每場雅思考試之后,The first時間分享本場考試雅思A類大作文的范文authority解析。歡迎每周鎖定。

  



  2019年4月6日

  雅思大作文題目

  在城市中心建公寓樓可減少通勤時間嗎?

 “Some people think that the best way to reduce time spent in travelling to work is to replace parks and gardens close to the city center with apartment buildings for commuters, but others disagree. Discuss both views and give your opinion.  ” 


  解析&審題

  聽不少參加考試的同學說把本題理解錯誤了,老雅感到非常遺憾,因為這個題目審偏比審對還要難!

  有位同學這樣審題:為了減少旅游時間,城市中心附近應該多修公寓;還有位同學這樣審題:為了減輕交通壓力,應該在城市中心公寓附近修公園。這都是哪跟哪啊?邏輯也不順啊!遇到這種情況,多花點時間好好讀一讀題目,行不行?這樣審題,也就意味著這次考試全部失敗了。所有的努力都付之東流,所有的期待都煙消云散,是可惜,孰不可惜!

  當然,絕大多數同學這次都是正確審題了:為了減少上下班花在路上的時間,有人覺得很不錯的辦法是把城市中心附近的公園都變成公寓,但其他人不同意這個辦法。

  題目中出現the best way,在雅思考試里很常見。比如“為了降低交通事故,很不錯的辦法是提高駕駛的最小年齡”,“為了減輕交通壓力,很不錯的辦法是征擁堵稅“,“為了幫助孩子學習,很不錯的辦法是讓他們多看電視”等等。這類題目的答題思路一般都是:首先承認并論證題目中提出的辦法的確有用,然后找出這個辦法的缺陷并提出更好的辦法。

  把城市中心附近的公園都變成公寓,上下班的人就不用住在很遠的地方,他們甚至可以從公寓里步行到公司上班,這無疑會減少他們花費在路上的時間(travelling time / commuting time)【承認其合理性】;但是如果城市中心附近都是公寓,會讓本已擁擠的城市變得更加擁擠,本已很污染的城市變得更加污染,而在這樣的鋼筋水泥樓房中辦公,會增加人們的焦慮感,降低其工作效率,從而在很大程度上抵消了(offset / undo)降低通勤時間帶來的好處(benefits)【討論其缺陷性】為了降低通勤時間,其實還有其他更好的辦法,比如利用遠程通訊技術,讓大家盡量在家里上班【提出替代方案】

  以下是唐老師原創高分范文,供大家研習。



  老師筆記

  01

  With the expansion of cities, people have to spend more and more time travelling to and from work. As one solution to this problem, it is suggested that apartment buildings should be planted near the city centre in place of parks and gardens.

  隨著城市的擴大,人們不得不花越來越多的時間上下班。作為解決這一問題的辦法,有人建議在市中心附近建公寓大樓來取代公園和花園。

  解析

  (1)開篇提出問題,并重述題目中的觀點。

  (2)Expansion 擴張

  (3)To and from work 上下班

  (4)Solution 解決辦法



  02

  This idea, if well carried out, can be rather effective in reducing the commuting time for many workers. Living in the apartment buildings close to work can help save a lot of time because the commuters do not have to travel that much. They can even walk to their offices. This is actually a beautiful dream for many who have been troubled by the heavy traffic in big cities on their way to and from work.

  這個想法如果得到很好的執行,可以相當有效地減少許多工人的通勤時間。住在離工作很近的公寓樓里可以節省很多時間,因為通勤不需要走那么遠。他們甚至可以步行到辦公室。對于許多大城市里受困于上下班交通問題的人來說,這實際上是一個美麗的夢。

  解析

  (1)本段討論在城市中心建公寓樓可以有效解決通勤時間問題。

  (2)Carry out 執行

  (3)The commuting time 通勤時間

  (4)Close to work 工作地點附近的


  03

  On second thoughts, however, the dream may not be that beautiful at all. We can hardly imagine what the city centre would look like when millions of people moved into the numerous apartment buildings there. It would become a great deal more crowded and polluted than before. To make it worse, when they need to find a park or garden so that they can take a little rest, people would have to spend a few hours travelling out of town. Working and living in such a busy and noisy environment, people would not be able to find the pleasure that is so important for their work and life, and the benefits they have gained from the shortened travelling time would beundone to a large extent.

  然而,再想一想,這個夢可能一點也不美。我們很難想象當數以百萬計的人搬進市中心無數公寓樓時,那里會是什么樣子。它將變得比以前更加擁擠和污染。更糟糕的是,當人們需要找一個公園或花園可以稍稍休息一下時,他們將不得不花幾個小時出城。在如此繁忙和嘈雜的環境中工作和生活,人們將無法找到對他們的工作和生活如此重要的樂趣,他們從縮短的通勤時間中獲得的利益在很大程度上將被抵消。

  解析

  (1)本段論述人們住在市中心公寓大樓的壞處。

  (2)On second thoughts 再想一想

  (3)To make it worse 更糟糕的是

  (4)Undo 抵消;取消

  (5)To a large extent 在很大程度上



  04

  In fact, in order to reduce the commuting time, there are better measures than having more apartment buildings in the city centre. One such measure is to take advantage of the advanced telecommunication technologies which enable people to work from home. This will save them from travelling a long way to work and at the same time maintain their positive feeling towards life and work.

  實際上,為了縮短通勤時間,有比在市中心建更多的公寓樓更好的措施。其中一項措施是利用先進的通訊技術,使人們能夠在家工作。這將使他們避免走很遠去上班,同時又保持他們對生活和工作的積極感覺。

  解析

  (1) 本段提出更好的辦法,可以避免在城市中心建公寓樓帶來的問題。

  (2) Take advantage of 利用

  (3) Save ... from... 把......從......解脫出來




  7分范文

 

  With the expansion of cities, people have to spend more and more time travelling to and from work. As one solution to this problem, it is suggested that apartment buildings should be planted near the city centre in place of parks and gardens.

  This idea, if well carried out, can be rather effective in reducing the commuting time for many workers. Living in the apartment buildings close to work can help save a lot of time because the commuters do not have to travel that much. They can even walk to their offices. This is actually a beautiful dream for many who have been troubled by the heavy traffic in big cities on their way to and from work.

  On second thoughts, however, the dream may not be that beautiful at all. We can hardly imagine what the city centre would look like when millions of people moved into the numerous apartment buildings there. It would become a great deal more crowded and polluted than before. To make it worse, when they need to find a park or garden so that they can take a little rest, people would have to spend a few hours travelling out of town. Working and living in such a busy and noisy environment, people would not be able to find the pleasure that is so important for their work and life, and the benefits they have gained from the shortened travelling time would be undone to a large extent.

  In fact, in order to reduce the commuting time, there are better measures than having more apartment buildings in the city centre. One such measure is to take advantage of the advanced telecommunication technologies which enable people to work from home. This will save them from travelling a long way to work and at the same time maintain their positive feeling towards life and work.

  (310 words)



  建議背誦的句子

  1. Living in the apartment buildings close to work can help save a lot of time because the commuters do not have to travel that much.

  住在離工作很近的公寓樓里可以節省很多時間,因為通勤不需要走那么遠。

  2. This is actually a beautiful dream for many who have been troubled by the heavy traffic in big cities on their way to and from work.

  對于許多大城市里受困于上下班交通問題的人來說,這實際上是一個美麗的夢。

  3. We can hardly imagine what the city centre would look like when millions of people moved into the numerous apartment buildings there.

  我們很難想象當數以百萬計的人搬進市中心無數公寓樓時,那里會是什么樣子。

  4. Working and living in such a busy and noisy environment, people would not be able to find the pleasure that is so important for their work and life, and the benefits they have gained from the shortened travelling time would be undone to a large extent.

  在如此繁忙和嘈雜的環境中工作和生活,人們將無法找到對他們的工作和生活如此重要的樂趣,他們從縮短的通勤時間中獲得的利益在很大程度上將被抵消。

  5. One such measure is to take advantage of the advanced telecommunication technologies which enable people to work from home.

  其中一項措施是利用先進的通訊技術,使人們能夠在家工作。



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